PROTECT OUR DEFENDERS REPORTS
Military Justice Overview (PDF)
Military Sexual Assault Fact Sheets
Debunked: Fact-Checking the Pentagon’s Claims Regarding Military Justice
Racial Disparity in Military Justice: Findings of Substantial and Persistent Racial Disparities Within the United States Military Justice System
Federal Lawsuit Reveals Air Force Cover Up: Racial Disparities in Military Justice Part II
PROTECT OUR DEFENDERS INDUSTRY STUDY – TO BETTER UNDERSTAND THE CURRENT STATE OF WOMEN’S EXPERIENCES IN THE ARMED SERVICES
Since 2011, Protect Our Defenders has worked to ensure a respectful and inclusive work environment in the US Military by reducing sexual harassment, assault, and misogyny, which will enhance recruitment, unit cohesion, and readiness across the Armed Forces.1 In pursuit of this mission, Protect Our Defenders has partnered with Deloitte Consulting LLP (Deloitte) to better understand the current state of women’s experiences in the Armed Forces. This industry report will provide a “point in time” perspective on the gender demographics across four branches of the Armed Forces, the Air Force, Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. Download PDF.
PREVALENCE REPORTS ON SEXUAL ASSAULT AND HARASSMENT AMONG ACTIVE DUTY SERVICE MEMBERS
Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study *Most recently available military-wide Department of Defense-commissioned estimates of sexual assault and harassment
U.S. Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO) Reports
RETALIATION AGAINST VICTIMS
U.S. Department of Defense Office of Inspector General (DOD IG)
Evaluation of the Separation of Service Members Who Made a Report of Sexual Assault 2016
Protect Our Defenders Collaboration with Human Rights Watch
Booted: Lack of Recourse for Wrongfully Discharged US Military Rape Survivors 2016
Protect Our Defenders Collaboration with Human Rights Watch
Embattled: Retaliation Against Sexual Assault Survivors in the U.S. Military online and PDF 2015
Congressional Research Service
Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress 2019
A Congressional Research Service Report titled, Diversity, Inclusion, and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Services: Background and Issues for Congress featuring a citation of Protect Our Defenders’ Racial Disparity Report: “Despite great strides in racial equality and nondiscrimination, some concerns about the treatment of and opportunities for racial minorities have persisted into the 21st century. For example, some researchers have pointed to consistently higher rates of disciplinary action (i.e., court-martial or nonjudicial punishment) for black servicemembers relative to their white counterparts as evidence of persistent racial bias in the military justice system.”
Statements of Panel Member Elizabeth J. Hillman to Response Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel
Includes Statement of Subcommittee Member Elizabeth L. Hillman (May 2014); Separate Statement Dissenting From the Interim Report of the Role of the Commander Subcommittee (January 20, 2014); and Response Systems Panel on Military Sexual Assault Separate Statement of Dean Elizabeth L. Hillman & Mr. Harvey Bryant (June 22, 2014)
Judicial Proceedings Panel
JPP reports from 2015-2017
Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces
DACIPAD Reports from 2017-2019
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PREVENTION STRATEGY
U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO)
Report to Congressional Committees, 2015
Sexual Assault: Actions Needed to Improve DOD’s Prevention Strategy and to Help Ensure It Is Effectively Implemented
HUMAN COST OF CRISIS
Enemy Within: Military Sexual Assault Inflicts Physical, Psychological, Financial Pain 2013
SELECTION OF PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH ON MILITARY SEXUAL ASSAULT, HARASSMENT, AND RACIAL DISPARITY
Melin, Julia (2016). Desperate Choices: Why Black Women Join the U.S. Military at Higher Rates than Men and All Other Racial and Ethnic Groups. New England Journal of Public Policy.
Breland, J.Y., Donalson, R., Li, Y., Hebenstreit, C.L., Golstein, L.A., Maguen, S. (2017). Military Sexual Trauma Is Associated With Eating Disorders, While Combat Exposure Is Not. Psychol Trauma, 10.1037.
Brignone, E., Gundlapalli, A. V., Blais, R. K., Carter, M. E., Suo, Y., Samore, M. H.,… Fargo, J. D. (2016). Differential Risk for Homelessness Among US Male and Female Veterans With a Positive Screen for Military Sexual Trauma. JAMA Psychiatry, 73(6), 582-589.
Campbell, K.L. (2017). Protecting Our Defenders: The Need to Ensure Due Process for Women in the Military Before Amending the Selective Service Act. Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, 45(1).
Everhart, Anna (2020). Sexual Assault in the Military: Activism, Representation, and the Importance of Policy Change. Disability Pride Week 2020, Duke University.
Mengeling, M.A., Booth, B.M., Torner, J.C., & Sadler, A.G. (2015). Post-Sexual Assault Health Care Utilization Among OEF/OIF Servicewomen. Med Care, 53(4), 136-142.
Millegan, J., Milburn, E. K., LeardMann, C. A., Street, A. E., Williams, D., Trone, D. W., & Crum-Cianflone, N. F. (2015). Recent Sexual Trauma and Adverse Health and Occupational Outcomes Among U.S. Service Women. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 298–306.
Monteith, L.L., Bahrainni, N.H., Matarazzo, B.B., Soberay, K.A., & Smith, C.P. (2016). Perceptions of Institutional Betrayal Predict Suicidal Self-Directed Violence Among Veterans Exposed to Military Sexual Trauma. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 72(7), 743-755.
Pandey, N., Ashfaq, S.N., Dauterive, E.W., MacCarthy, A.A., & Copeland, L.A. (2017). Military Sexual Trauma and Obesity Among Women Veterans. Journal of Women’s Health.
Pavao, J., Turchik, J. A., Hyun, J. K., Karepenko, J., Saweikis, M., McCutcheon, S.,…Kimerling, R. (2013). Military Sexual Trauma Among Homeless Veterans. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28(Suppl 2), 536-541.
Sadler, Anne G., Booth, Brenda M., Cook, Brian L., Doebbeling, Bradley N. (2003) Factors Associated with Women’s Risk of Rape in the Military Environment. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, (43) 262–273.
Street, A. E., Gradus, J. L., Giasson, H. L., Vogt, D., & Resick, P. A. (2013). Gender Differences Among Veterans Deployed in Support of the Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28(Suppl 2), 556–562.
Turner, Aaron P., Hardin, Kaitlin A., Brier, Moriah J., Anderson, Derek R., & Williams, Rhonda M., (2020) Military Sexual Trauma and Chronic Pain in Veterans. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 14 May 2020, Volume Publish Ahead of Print Issue. DOI: 10.1097